In order for a city to know where it is heading, it needs to know, understand and respect where it has been. Sioux City has had several eras of prosperity and phases of development. In the 1880s and 1890s, Sioux City had talented architects, brick producers, stone masons, and plentiful raw materials. The boom of architectural styles erected across the city was an indication of the level of prosperity as well as the fact that it was competing with Chicago and St. Louis as a "gateway city". Also, the boom attracted architects who came with innovative ideas and skills. Further proof of the prosperity and rising status of the community was the appearance of an architectural style known as Romanesque, Richardson Romanesque or Richardsonian Romanesque. It was so prevalent in Sioux City; in fact, today the most remaining examples in Iowa are here. (Originally Published in Siouxland Magazine, Fall 2011).