How to Identify Architectural Styles
The following documents will help you get a good basis for identifying architectural styles. After that, there are a number of documents that will discuss how to identify specific styles in the Siouxland area.
Colonial Revival Style
"Colonial Revival sought to follow American Colonial Architecture of the period around the Revolutionary War, which drew strongly from Georgian architecture of Great Britain. Structures are typically two stories with the ridge pole running parallel to the street, have a symmetrical front facade with an accented doorway, and evenly spaced windows on either side of it," (Wikipedia, 2014).
"Prairie School was a late 19th and early 20th-century architecural style, most common to the Midwestern United States. The style is usually marked by horizontal lines, flat or hipped roofs with broad overhanging eaves, windows grouped in horizontal bands, integration with the landscape, solid construction, craftsmanship, and discipline in the use of ornament. Horizontal lines were thought to evoke and relate to the native prairie landscape," (Wikipedia, 2014).
RIchardsonian Romanesque Style
"This very free revival style incorporates 11th and 12th century southern French, Spanish and Italian Romanesque characteristics. It emphasizes clear, strong picturesque massing, round-headed 'Romanesque' arches, often springing from clusters of short squat columns, recessed entrances, richly varied rustication, blank stretches of walling contrasting with bands of windows, and cylindrical towers with conical caps embedded in the walling," (Wikipedia, 2014).
"The American Craftsman style, or the American Arts and Crafts movement, is an American domestic architectural, interior design, landscape design, applied arts, and decorative arts style and lifestyle philosophy that began in the last years of the 19th century. As a comprehensive design and art movement it remained popular into the 1930s. However, in decorative arts and architectural design it has continued with numerous revivals and restoration projects through present times," (Wikipedia, 2014).
Queen Anne Style
"In America, the Queen Anne Style of architecture, furniture and decorative arts was popular in the United States from 1880 to 1910. In American usage 'Queen Anne' is a loosely used of a wide range of picturesque buildings with 'free Renaissance' (non-Gothic Revival) details rather than of a specific formulaic style in its own right."
"Queen Anne Style buildings in America came into vogue in the 1880s, replacing the French-derived Second Empire as the 'style of the moment.' The popularity of high Queen Anne Style waned in the early 1900s, but some elements, such as the wraparound front porch, continued to be found on buildings into the 1920s," (Wikipedia, 2014).
Tudor Revival Style
"The emphasis was on the simple, rustic and the less impressive aspects of Tudor architecture, imitating in this way medieval cottages or country houses. Though the style follows these more modest characteristics, items such as steeply pitched roofs, half-timbering often infilled with herringbone brickwork, tall mullioned windows, high chimneys, jettied (overhanging) first floors above pillared porches, dormer windows supported by consoles, and even at times thatched roofs, gave Tudor revival its more striking effects," (Wikipedia, 2014).